Thursday, September 3, 2020
Oil handling offices (Light Heavy) b) Water preparing offices c) Gas preparing offices an) Oil handling offices (Light Heehaw): 0 Heavy oil preparing offices: CAP got substantial oil from Full field (overwhelming single wells and substantial Smogs) and from OFF (Mega, FEN and Key). To process the substantial oil, it must be experienced numerous fundamental advances (Vessels) before it will be fit to be siphoned to P. S #1 or in the case of trading. The primary vessels are: * Exchanger * First stage sedimentation tank * Second stage sedimentation tank Surge tank * Shipping tank 0 Light oil preparing offices: CAP got light oil from Full Field (light Smogs and light single wells) and from OFF Oak and Key). As same as substantial oil, light oil goes through numerous principle steps (vessel) to be prepared and afterward prepare it for sending out or siphoning to P. S #1 . Light oil primary vessels are: * Production separator * Electrostatic separator b) Water handling offices : All isolated water either from overwhelming rough or light unrefined passes straightforwardly to the delivered water tank. We will compose a custom paper test on Focal Processing Faciliites or on the other hand any comparative subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page ) Gas preparing offices : Gas generally isolated underway separator or it comes legitimately to CAP by single wells. Flood Tank: It is the association between sedimentation tanks and delivery tanks. Use to give stable level to move siphon. Skimmed Tank: Use basically to reprocess the isolated oil in created water tank. Transportation Tank: It is the capacity tank where the oil store before it siphons to P. S #1 or BE. 2 Produced water tank: Use to gather all isolated water and use it in infusion or pass it to vanishing lakes. 2. Warming offices : Heating offices is one of the most significant offices in CAP. They are utilizing to expand the temperature of unrefined to encourage moving and division of water. Warming offices incorporate these three primary vessels: * Make up tank Expansion tank (warm oil material) * Exchangers * Heaters Thermal oil play indispensable line to warm the rough. Radiators heat this material and afterward pass it to exchangers where the rough warmed. The outline in next slide shows this circle of warming the rough. 3. Compound Injection : Chemical infusion helps the sedimentation and division. Three sorts of synthetic infused to the rough in various vessels relies for the most part upon the kind of inconsiderate. These sorts of substance are: * Dehumidifiers *Reversed Dehumidifiers * Defamer uses to expel the froth from rough and maintain a strategic distance from the over stream. It infused in outlet of sand trap. Dehumidifiers utilizes with the two kinds of unrefined (light and substantial). It principally uses to isolate water from oil. For light oil, it infuses before the channel of separator. For the substantial rough, it infuses in outlet of sand trap. Turned around dehumidifiers uses to isolate oil from water. It infuses in bay to delivered water tank. Different offices : l. Test slide: It utilizes with overwhelming rough to test the every day creation off well. II. Test separator: It as same as test slide however this vessel for the light rough. It tests the liquid off well. Sick. Siphons: specific kinds of siphons use inside CAP. Kind of siphon relies upon Job. These are most sorts of siphon which is utilized in CAP: 0 Light siphon: use to move oil from tank 1932 to transportation tanks. 0 Transfer siphon: use to move oil from flood tank to transportation tank. 0 Circulation siphon: use in mixing to control the consistency of oil going to AS #1 0 Feed siphon: use move oil from delivery tank to P. S #1 or BE 2. IV. Meter slide: use to quantify the stream rate to P. S #1 .
Saturday, August 22, 2020
In the past it was necessary to take a GCSE in a cutting edge unknown dialect (MFL), however sadly in the mid 2000s MFLs were settled on a discretionary decision. Accordingly, the quantity of understudies taking GCSEs in French, Spanish, and German has been dropping year on year. This at that point implies that less individuals are proceeding to consider MFLs at college level, and we're beginning to see a deficiency in MFL educators, subsequently propagating the absence of enthusiasm for learning different dialects. Every other person learns English, so for what reason would it be advisable for us to trouble? Numerous local English speakers don't see the point in investing the energy into learning a second language since every other person needs to communicate in our language. This is an extremely languid mentality. Of course, many individuals around the globe are extremely quick to learn English, yet that doesn't imply that we should quit putting forth the attempt to get familiar with a subsequent language. There are various extraordinary advantages to learning another dialect, and it's never past the point where it is possible to learn... 1. Bosses love it The activity showcase is unbelievably serious, so your most obvious opportunity with regards to getting recruited is in the event that you have an edge over different up-and-comers. In the present worldwide market, having the option to communicate in a subsequent language makes you a fantastically significant advantage for a business as you can assist with overcoming any issues between nations, helping your boss to take advantage of new markets. Communicating in a subsequent language likewise exhibits to a business that you are open, assorted, adaptable, clever, and sympathetic to different societies, which are for the most part attractive abilities that businesses look for in their staff. 2. It makes you more intelligent Learning a subsequent language improves the usefulness of your cerebrum, improves your memory, and expands your capacity to focus. Obtaining another dialect provokes your mind to perceive new words, arrange meaning, and impart utilizing distinctive linguistic principles. This aptitude assists with boosting your capacity to take care of issues and ingest new data, accordingly assisting with making you more astute. 3. It improves you at multitaskingÃ¢ Performing various tasks is distressing for some individuals, and the two undertakings will in general endure therefore. Bilingual individuals are gifted at exchanging between two unique frameworks of correspondence; so Ã¢â¬Ëjuggling' dialects thusly regularly prompts a superior capacity to perform various tasks in different everyday issues as well. An examination completed by Pennsylvania State University requested that members utilize a driving test system while doing isolate assignments simultaneously, and it was discovered that the individuals who communicated in more than one language normally committed less errors than their monolingual partners. 4. It improves your English abilities When was the last time you halted to consider the syntax of the English language? Except if you're contemplating English at college it's most likely been a long while since you considered the structure of the language that you talk each day. Learning a subsequent language concentrates on the linguistic standards and developments, which thusly gives you another knowledge into English and can assist you with improving the manner in which you impart in your primary language as well. 5. It improves your general scholastic exhibition Learning an extra language hones your intellectual abilities, not simply as far as taking on another arrangement of correspondence, yet additionally in different subjects. Studies have indicated that youngsters who gain proficiency with a second language at school will in general perform preferable no matter how you look at it over kids who are not shown a subsequent language. It's never past the point where it is possible to profit by this improved scholarly capacity, so why not utilize your elective modules to examine an advanced unknown dialect and conceivably upgrade your general degree performance?6. It fights off dementia and Alzheimer's Your cerebrum has muscle-like characteristics in that it develops and thrives with normal use. Learning a subsequent language is absolutely an extraordinary exercise for your cerebrum! The procurement of a subsequent language assists with fortifying your cerebrum's capacity, and a few investigations have discovered that multilingual grown-ups are bound to encounter the beginning of dementia and Alzheimer's infection at a later age than their monolingual partners; 75 and 71 years old separately. 7. It gives you a superior comprehension of the world Learning another dialect not just gives you another approach to speak with individuals, it likewise gives you a superior comprehension of various societies over the world. Each unique culture has its own music, writing, media, history and so on and having a comprehension of a specific language opens up these new things to you, giving you knowledge and comprehension of various societies. For instance, if you somehow happened to figure out how to communicate in Portuguese you would have the option to study the way of life and lifestyle in both Portugal and Brazil, among a few different nations who likewise talk the language.8. It causes you to travel In case you're anticipating hiking around Europe, South America, or Asia, it can assist with understanding the language of a portion of the spots you'll visit. The capacity to state even a couple of key expressions in the local language of the nation you are visiting will enhance the experience for you. The facts confirm that a great many people in bigger urban areas communicate in English genuinely well, yet on the off chance that you need to get outside of what might be expected in Cuba or Mexico, realizing some Spanish will assist you with communicating with local people, make companions, and discover your way around. 9. It expands your certainty Acing any new aptitude makes certain to help your certainty; regardless of whether it's figuring out how to code, figuring out how to knit, sharpening your preparing abilities, or finishing your driving assessment. Learning another dialect is the same. Actually, it's likely one of the most significant aptitudes you can ace. Having the information and capacity to speak with an entirely different arrangement of individuals will fill you with satisfaction, and the more you utilize this ability to address familiar speakers of that language, the more certain you will be in utilizing your new expertise. This certainty at that point moves to different aspects of your life; on the off chance that you can ace a subsequent language, you can practically take on the world!
Friday, August 21, 2020
Sharmik Bharti is a philanthropic association enlisted on the fifteenth of Oct. 1986, under Societies Registration Act of 1860. It is arranged in Vikas Nagar of Lakhanpur, Kanpur and works for both urban and provincial networks. It trusts in building a genuine majority rule society. Annihilation of neediness, strengthening of ladies, government assistance of kids and communityÃ¢â¬â¢s limit building are its principle objectives. The association currently has in excess of 90 full time experts and 150 network based volunteers endeavoring hard for the advancement of 125 ghettos and 11 squares of Kanpur and Dehat regions of Kanpur. The early long stretches of its initiation were truly spent in distinguishing the issues of the network and their underlying drivers. Directly from 1986, the association was working alongside the individuals and for the individuals to all the more likely comprehend their needs and the necessities of the network. In light of these discoveries, there developed Self Help Groups for the strengthening of individuals. These gatherings got one of the center qualities of Shramik Bharti and worked for the ghettos of both provincial and urban territories of Kanpur. Significance was given to the formation of sanitation framework and the presentation of medicinal services offices in these zones. From that point onwards, there is no think back for Shramik Bharati. It had taken up numerous helpful exercises for the improvement of the individuals and the network. To refer to a couple, recovery of waste land for age of occupation, setting up associations with help associations to take into account t he necessities of the general public, regarding peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions and helping them to enhance those regions and so forth. To accomplish their targets and objectives Shramik Bharti centers around three center zones... ... This program of the Shramik Bharti is the foundation based and is upheld by Helpage. Under this undertaking, till now in excess of 51 senior residents who donÃ¢â¬â¢t have appropriate business and sanctuary are dealt with. Shramik Bharti designated a five part board of trustees to help such individuals and satisfy their essential day today needs. Grassroot Democracy: Our nation is as yet confronting certain financial difficulties. To defeat these, network based associations need to go connected at the hip with the open associations both at rustic and urban levels. Shramik Bharti emphatically has faith in this rule and striving to go to the difficulties at grass root level. Accordingly, Shramik Bharti as a not-for-profit, nongovernmental association is endeavoring hard to construct a solid network where there are no hints of neediness and ladies are engaged to deal with their own lives with enormous certainty.
Saturday, June 13, 2020
Effective Group Discussion (Essay Sample) Content: Effective Group DiscussionName:Institution Affiliation:DateEffective Group DiscussionLeaders should be sensitive to various ethical and moral issues. Providing group therapy is quite a powerful mode of intervention. In essence, as the team involvement unfurls, the leading figure in the group should remain alert. This means being constantly ready to resolve and perceive all issues in an ethical perspective (Galanes, Adams, 2013). The following are typical issues with apparent ethical considerations. The first is about the dominant group conformity. The group agreements, is an imperative aspect of a given group since it provides it with clarity and definition purposes. This is an essential issue for the safety of the group.However, in rare circumstances, it is unethical to accept only rigid rules when solving needs for a given member. For instance, the group could agree that failing to make a call prior to absenteeism, could lead to breach of rules punishable by the gr oup laws (Galanes, Adams, 2013). However, if an individual proves that an inevitable emergency vetoed making the call, the leader of the group may concur that the crime does not warrant any reporting.Moreover, the innate needs of the group members could at times supersede courtesies merited to a person. For instance, the group could prohibit members from discussing any member absent. However, in case the member relapses due to some form of illness then, the no-discussion decree ceases. This occurs should the group leader decide to permit the members deliberate on the issue of the missing member. In this case, knowledgeable members would acquaint others the current situation of the missing member hence propose appropriate action to implement to remedy the situation (Fujishin, 2007).Members would understand how an individual plight affects the entire group. Despite group participation being mandatory, it is important to inform and discuss about the open options available. In the medi cal field, it is mandatory that the client discuss with the physician about the available alternative programs (Galanes, Adams, 2013). Moreover, an individual deserves the right to discuss with the group leader about some aspect deemed unsuitable. In essence, when such a scenario happens, the aspect of cultural competences should take center stage since what appears suitable for an individual is not universally suitable to others. Yet, preventing enmeshment is of paramount importance.It is critical that leaders remain conscious that the control, power, and influence exercised by the group could have negative outcome. Though solidity leads to positive outcomes, which need absolute support, the innate passion for attachment can experience some undue pressure. This is especially on members on the throes and verge of some kind of recovery from substance misuse. Besides, human beings are social animals hence requires some sense of belonging which if unchecked is prone to abuse. An indiv idual could act in unethical manner with contravenes social standards and impede their problem solving capacities (Galanes, Adams, 2013). Problem-solving exercise entails thoughts, decisions, discussions, and actions, which happens from the initial contemplation of the problematic issue to its resolution.However, a plethora of problems encountered include the common issues such as budgeting funds, raising capital, planning business events, creating products aimed at solving some market needs, addressing clients complaints, and raising awareness. However, in all modes of problems encountered they entail the following three common modules. First, it entails some detrimental situation. In essence, desirable conditions justify absence of a problem (Fujishin, 2007). Preferred situation, despite it being vague, there is conviction to improve the undesired condition. Yet, the vague idea would turn into some precise objective, which is achievable, but solution is yet to materialize. Obstac les exist between the desired and undesired condition.In essence, these obstacles entail the items, which obstructs between the prevailing situation and the ultimate attainment of a given goal. The aspect of the problem requires much effort to remedy in terms of implementing desirable decision-making efforts. A number of obstacles encountered include scarcity of resources, limited funds, lack of adequate personnel, inadequate information, and lack of enough time to address the problem. Besides, obstacles can include individuals who are working against the remedial efforts by sabotage (Galanes, ...
Sunday, May 17, 2020
No doubt exists that technology has become an incredibly important component of the globalized world we, as people, live in. Technology of all forms is heavily relied on for almost every aspect of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s daily lives: transportation, entertainment, and especially communication. Communicating via technology (whether that be phone calls, email, social media platforms, etc.) has become a social norm throughout the world. According to Helen Fisher, a biological anthropologist at Rutgers University who conducted a study on Match.com users, Ã¢â¬Å"39% of communication on a regular day is through technologyÃ¢â¬ (Somaiya). These methods of communication become more complex and advanced each day; one of the biggest technological breakthroughs that have hadÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Shigetaku Kurita created the original set of emojis in Japan in 1990 as a way to Ã¢â¬Å"incorporate feeling and tone into digital messagesÃ¢â¬ (Somaiya). Working at a phone company, Kurita wanted to fix the common problems of miscommunication that were found in text messaging. In the Edo era in Japan, emoji-like concepts such as icons were used to teach prayers to those unable to read or write themÃ¢â¬âKurita was inspired by this, pictograms (which stand as the earliest form of writing, consisting of pictures that represent words), Japanese visual imagery, and Japanese pop culture, specifically the show Ã¢â¬Å"MangaÃ¢â¬ , to create his emojis. KuritaÃ¢â¬â¢s two goals with emojis were to communicate information and to Ã¢â¬Å"add to our palate of communicationÃ¢â¬ (Somaiya). Reflecting upon his own work, Kurita discusses how emojis have enriched communication and have become the standard in JapanÃ¢â¬âwhich is increasingly becoming the standard world-wide. Many studies have been conducted to understand how emojis impact communication. To see how emojis effect the brain, researchers at Tokyo Denki University in Japan compared the effects of emoticons and facial imag es via MRI scans; they found that Ã¢â¬Å"The more graphic the emoticon, the more our brain responds to it.Ã¢â¬ (Ayres). The temporal gyrus, which is the part of the brain that recalls Ã¢â¬Å"biological motionsÃ¢â¬ (Ayres), becomes activated when more realistic-style emoticons are seen in technological messages. Even withShow MoreRelatedFord Mondeo881 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCase Study: Ford Mondeo In 1992, Ford Motor Company decided to produce a world car, that is, a car that would be produced and sold internationally with little variation in the vehicle between markets. This world car was named the Ford Contour and Mercury Mystique for the North American market and the Ford Mondeo for the European Market. All of these models were built with a 90% similarity due to body design differences, local conditions and mandates. 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Business professionals need to have a broad understanding of how globalization impacts the economy and creates different interactions among nations. By immersing themselves in how globalization functions, business professionals can make effective and successful investment, marketing, and management decisions. Furthermore, the advances of technology have opened many doors for businesses to expand and seek greater opportunitiesRead MoreThe Importance of Technology for Simplifying Business Functions1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn todays technology-rich world, all businesses have recognized the importance of technology for simplifying business functions. Hence, companies tend to invest large amou nts of funding into this component. However, research results have shown that some companies benefit more from implementing IT solutions than others. Because similar technological solutions were implemented for these companies, the differentiating results are assumed to be due to the human factor. 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Even then globalisation continued its increased growth rate by Ã¢â¬Å"innovations in transportation were complemented by the swift development of communication technologiesÃ¢â¬ (Steger 2003:33). As new components in communication such as telegraph, later telephone, radio, newspaperRead MoreManaging the Global Supply Chain: Warehousing Essay669 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageswarehousing techniques is still prevalent in warehouses today. Picking and putting away products, followed by clipboard documentation worked well for many businesses though out the years and they have a hard time with embracing the change that technology and its efficiency would bring to their warehouse operations. Many warehouse operations are incorporating this change, Ã¢â¬Å"There is a move away from traditional warehousing with shelves and racks for storage to more of a flow-through operation, such
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Essays on Refer to Appendix 1. Required: In a report for the attention of Coyle discuss the significance of alternative forms of finance available to him and the importance of working capital management to his business. Your report should relate to aspects consid Essay Exploring the significance of alternative forms of finance and the importance of working capital management to CoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s business Institution Course Date Exploring the significance of alternative forms of finance and the importance of working capital management to CoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s business Table of contents 1.0 AbstractÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.3 2.0 IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..4 3.0 Working capital financeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.4 4.0 Alternative forms of financeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..5 4.1 Bond marketÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦5 4.2 Venture capitalÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦5 4.3 Angel investingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...5 4.4 Asset backed lendingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..6 4.5 Invoice financingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦6 4.6 Supply chain creditÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.6 5.0 ConclusionsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦7 6.0 RecommendationsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..7 7.0 BibliographyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..8 1.0 Abstract The report explores the significance of alternative forms of finance and importance of working capital management. It provides the background of the need for optional sources of finance indicating the findings of unfair treatment of small firms by contractors. The report defines working capital finance and its use in small businesses. States and explains the meaning of various optional forms of finance and their importance. It offers a succinct recommendation and conclusion. 2.0 Introduction Small construction companies have been facing problems emanating from the main contractors practice of delaying their payments and demanding cash refunds especially, from the supplying companies. The research performed on over 250 subcontracting companies indicated about 97 percent of small companies that were discontented by the behavior of the main contractors (Hurley, 2012). The practice by the main contractors has retarded the growth of small companies. The purpose of this report is to explore the significance of alternative forms of finance and the importance of working capital to small businesses. The research considers various aspects of alternative finance plus working capital using peer reviewed articles and newspapers. 3.0 Working capital finance Working capital forms the basis through which businesses operate. It refers to short term plus current assets and liabilities. The net working capital determines the performance of a firm in terms of meeting its short term financial responsibilities. Working capital is fundamental in business because it tackles the needs of the business when seasonal demands arise. In cases of delays in cash receipts, working capital can play an important role of supporting the creation of short term assets that are responsible for generation of returns (Hurley, 2012). Working capital determines the growth of a business due to the need for large inventories and other aspects for the purpose of enhancing sales. Working capital in small business aids their competitiveness with other bigger companies making them improve in terms of business operations and revenue. Working capital management is vital to a business; it ensures that the business is operating effectively even when there are delays in paymen ts, or there are seasonal changes. Working capital entails the entire firmÃ¢â¬â¢s non fixed asset investments. Proper working capital management in small firms is essential for their growth (Hurley, 2012). 4.0 Alternative forms of finance 4.1 Bond market The bond market can act as an alternative form of finance for small business. Intermediate organizations can link small firms with other lending organizations for the purpose of offering finances to small firms. 4.2 Venture capital Instead of relying to bank loans, which charge large interests rates, small business can operate well with the help of various forms of finance. For example, the venture capital can act as alternative finance where a developed firm offers capital or finances to a small firm and in turn receives a share of the firm. This is important for small businesses because they can overcome growth challenges especially, in times of seasonal variations of sales and profits (Ransom, 2009). 4.3 Angel investing Small firms can benefit from angel investing as an alternative method of finance. In this finance form, individuals provide the firm with funds in exchange for a section of the company. This happens if the company manages to grow after provision of the finances. 4.4 Assets backed lending Assets backed lending can be useful for small businesses because the lenders does not discriminate borrowers on the basis of their qualifications. However, the interest rates for the assets backed finances are high than other alternative forms (Ransom, 2009). 4.5 Invoice financing Invoice financing is another form of finance applicable to small forms of businesses. Invoice financing ensures improvement of the cash flows by freeing up money from invoices. Invoice financing is beneficial to small firms because it allows flexible finance reducing the need of a firm to borrow money from other sources (Ransom, 2009). 4.6 Supply chain credit Supply chain credit is significant for small businesses where a large firm, upon approval of an invoice notices a bank which offers a considerable advance to the small firm that supplied to the large firm. This method will impact performance of small businesses in terms of growth and profit making. 5.0 Conclusions Alternative forms of finances are fundamental for the well-being of small enterprises. This is because they prevent over reliance in bank loans, which charge undesired interests. The use of Bond markets, venture capital, angel investing, assets-backed lending, invoice financing, and supply chain credit are the available alternatives of finance in CoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s situation. Management of working capital finance is essential for small businesses, as it forms the basis of their operation. Proper management of working capital prevents liquidation of most small firms. 6.0 Recommendations Small firms should ensure proper finance of working capital in order to overcome growth challenges that may be seasonal. The government should introduce laws that regulate interest rates and qualifications for receipt of loans by small firms. The government should impose laws that govern businesses to prevent delays in payments from contractors and other unfair treatment to small firms. The government should promote the use of alternative finance forms such as supply chains (Hurley, 2012). 7.0 Bibliography Hurley, J 2012, Ã¢â¬ËConstruction giants bullying small businesses,Ã¢â¬â¢ The Telegraph, 12 October, Viewed 9th November 2012, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/yourbusiness/9603972/Construction-giants-bullying-small-businesses.html Ransom, D 2009, Ã¢â¬ËFive Alternative Sources of Funding,Ã¢â¬â¢ The Wall Street Journal, 22 July, Viewed 9th November 2012, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124827141870672175.html
Question: Discuss about the Domestic violence against Australian Women. Answer: Introduction Domestic violence is an act of violence that take place in domestic setting involving two people who were or are in an intimate relationship. Domestic violence against women (DVAW) can be termed as abuse by men to women who were or are having an intimate relationship (Baird, 2008). DVAW has been recognized as problem in Australia that has significant magnitude. Domestic violence includes emotional, sexual, physical, and psychological abuse. Physical violence refers to physical aggression and abuse by a partner that involves kicking, beating, hitting, or slapping. Sexual violence entails sexual coercion, rape, unwanted sex or harassment or forced prostitution against women. Emotional and psychological violence refers to controlling behaviors like continued humiliation, isolation, control of fiancs, threatening children or threatened with death. Domestic violence cause serious impact on women health and wellbeing (Coker, 2016). The following essay with outline a research problem statement on DVAW in Australia and review relevant literature on the topic under study. The essay with also discuss ethical problems that will be uncounted in the research, strategies to solve the problems, hindrances and enablers in the implementation of the strategies. The research is a case study of Public Health Association Australia (PHAH). Public Health Association of Australia (PHAA) PHAA is a nongovernmental organization involved in public health with a vision at promoting well being and health to all Australians. The organization seeks to improve population health based on equity principles, prevention, and social determinants of health. PHAA has more than 1900members who comprise more than 40 professional groups. The organization role in the public health includes advocating or developing health policies and building capacity. PHAA provides a forum for discussing issues and public health and voice to professional workers in public health. The organization publishes to journals namely Australian and New Zealand journals of public Health (ANZJPH). Problem statement DVAW in Australia has seriously increased in the past decade that has led to significant individual and social impact. Women are losing their life or getting chronic diseases as a result of domestic violence. It is estimated that one woman is killed on average per week in Australia by their partners (Humanrights.gov.au, 2017). According to Coker (2016) one in five women in Australian has experienced sexual violence while one in every three women in Australia has experienced physical violence. From these statistics, women are vulnerable and are victims of domestic violence that causes profound effects on women health and well being. Violence from intimate partners in Australian cause more disabilities, illness, and death in women that any other causes that are preventable. Therefore, the aim of this report will aim at studying on the impact of DVAW and outlining preventable measures that can be implemented to reduce domestic violence. The research will involve reviewing relevant liter ature to understand health consequences of domestic violence and be used to advice the ministry of health on how to prevent or avoid domestic violence in Australia. Literature review Struthers, Tilbury and Williams (2017) defined domestic violence as patterns of behaviors where one person causes violence and abuse against the other in a marriage or cohabitation. According to WHO, domestic violence is an intentional use of ones power or force, actual or threatening against a partner that lead to death, injury, psychological harm, deprivation or maldevelopment. DVAW incorporates all types of violence experienced by women as a result of their gender. Moynihan (2012) in his result found that domestic violence caused depression, phobias, and anxiety to women. Women who experience violence got stressed that were prolong that led to depression. He recorded that half of the women who were experience domestic violence had children under their care. The research result also showed that 75% of women who experienced violence in their previous relationship were unwilling to get married. Kasturirangan (2008) recorded that domestic violence were leading to women attempting suicide. The statistics analyzed showed that out of ten women who attempted suicide four were as a result of domestic assaults. The research also found that domestic violence were leading cause of suicide among women in Australia. McPhedran and Baker (2012) research on chronic pain syndromes found that domestic violence was a major cause. Domestic violence caused emotional and psychological violence that led to stress. The chronic pain syndromes caused an individual to suffer body pain abnormally as a result of improper body functioning. Moynihan (2012) also found that domestic violence was a major cause of psychosomatic disorders. Individuals physical diseases were worsen by the mental factors that the victims were undergoing through. These mental conditions that cause psychomatic disorders were stress and anxiety. Baird (2008) established in his research that domestic violence is preventable. He found that despite the many factors that led to DVAW, it possible to prevent or stop from recurring. They also found that the major causes of violence against women were as a result of unequal distribution of resources and power in a family. And an adherence to old rigid gender roles that meant people in a relationship living as feminine and masculine. Loxton et al (2006) in their research found that there were three best practices to prevent violence against women. These preventative measures are distinct and their interventions are specific. They include primary prevention, secondary prevention and tertiary prevention. Primary prevention referred to a prevention mechanism applied to the whole population with an objective of ensuring violence does not happen. This method aimed at sensitizing the population against women based violence. Secondly is the secondary prevention that targets early signs of domestic violence. This preventive method is specific to communities, individuals, or context from escalating in violence. Thirdly, the tertiary prevention method referred to response to avoid recurrence of domestic violence. This method seeks to minimize violence impact by stopping the violence. Enablers and barriers of best practices The enablers of best practices of preventing DVAW are as follows; Availability of communicating medium: Following the current internet coverage and media enables the best practices to be implemented in informing the whole population to avoid violence against women from happening. Availability of adequate professional: There are available professionals to offer guidance on how victims of domestic violence can recover and avoid it impacts. There are adequate trained psychologists, nurses and doctors that can help in ensuring the impacts of domestic violence are managed at their early stages. The barrier or hindrances of implementing the best practices are as follows; Failure to report: Ignorance or late reporting of domestic violence cases will hinder the implementation of best practices to contain and prevent further adverse effects. Lack of government support: Inadequate support from the government in implementing best practices can hinder the prevention of DVAW by advocating it not happening at all. Inadequate resources: The unavailability or lack of resources to run the campaign against domestic violence on women can hinder the implementation of the best practices. It requires resources to finance campaign on internet or in the media. Ethical implication The following are ethical implications associated with the research project; Make the research inclusive: There is a need when recruiting the focus group to ensure all stakeholders are included and protecting vulnerable individuals in the research. Voluntary informed consent: Participants in the research will have to be obtained voluntarily. This ethical implication ensures that there is respect of individuals enrolled in the research. Independent review of potential benefits and risks: This ethical implication entails that participants have to independently assess risks in the proposed research. This will ensure that the risks are reasonable compared to the potential benefits. Respecting research participants: The research proposal involves interviewing people about their personal life which will require respect for human condition. The participants will also require to be protected. Conclusion DVAW is a major cause of illness and death amongst women in Australia. The effects of domestic violence among women have adverse impact on their economic and social costs. Domestic violence in Australia are commonly caused by unequal distribution of resources and power between women and men and adherences to defined gender roles that are rigid that mean people in relationship to live as feminine and masculine. DVAW is preventable by implementing three best practices that are primary prevention, secondary prevention and tertiary prevention. In summary it critical to consider the ethical implications of the research proposal References Baird, K. (2008). Supporting women after domestic violence Hilary Abrahams Supporting women after domestic violence Jessica Kingsley 160 19.99 9781843104315 1843104318. Primary Health Care, 18(2), pp.8-8. Coker, D. (2016). Domestic Violence and Social Justice. Violence Against Women, 22(12), pp.1426-1437. Crisp, B. (2011). Domestic Violence in Rural Australia. Social Work Education, 30(1), pp.115-117. Humanrights.gov.au. (2017). Violence against women in Australia (2017) | Australian Human Rights Commission. [online] Available at: https://www.humanrights.gov.au/submissions/violence-against-women-australia-2017 [Accessed 25 Aug. 2017]. Kasturirangan, A. (2008). Empowerment and Programs Designed to Address Domestic Violence. Violence Against Women, 14(12), pp.1465-1475. Loxton, D., Schofield, M., Hussain, R. and Mishra, G. (2006). History of Domestic Violence and Physical Health in Midlife. Violence Against Women, 12(8), pp.715-731. McPhedran, S. and Baker, J. (2012). Lethal and Non-Lethal Violence Against Women in Australia. Violence Against Women, 18(8), pp.958-972. Moynihan, R. (2012). Domestic violence: can doctors do more to help?. The Medical Journal of Australia, 197(2), p.75. Struthers, K., Tilbury, C. and Williams, G. (2017). Young People Leading Change in Domestic Violence Prevention: R4Respect. Children Australia, pp.1-12.